That PDF is a collection of data on what is in the diet items sold at Kapidolo Farms.  The left side is the item name, the middle array of numbers is the ‘as reported’ values. The right side array of values is normalized, so you can see them in the same frame of reference, that is, zero water and all calcium in a ratio to one unit of phosphorus.

The source of my data collected is listed at the bottom of the chart. I have not run any analyses on any of these products, I am simply reporting on what I have found in ‘the literature’ and the values reported are the responsibility of those authors and the peer review system of the publication sources.

You will see at the bottom of the list, I included romaine and endive, so you have a better basis to compare the things sold at Kapidolo Farms.

Keeping in mind water is the most essential ‘nutrient’ I will re-iterate (from the YouTube video shown in the last blog, and the two TTPG presentation posted in past blogs) the dried things I use, as I use them, are chopped into and MIXED with salad greens.  The nutrient density and higher relative fiber content of the dried things serves the tortoise better when consumed with fresh greens (high water content).

I have not found the simple data for violets.  If you find a source, it’s worth a free pound of any product I sell.  I’ll credit you if you like, or you can remain anonymous. Once claimed, I’ll edit this paragraph out.

Most dried things really do still have some water in them, often ranging from 6% to 12%.  For example the pellets we use from ZooMed have about 12% water in them.  Unless the items are freeze dried, non of what I sell is, there will always be residual water.

I have not gone into the ‘superfoods’ aspect of these diet items.  The range of acceptance of claims is all over the place.  In this case I will suggest to look at where there are actual clinical trials and data backed in-vitro and in-vivo studies.

For your tortoises’ health and well being…  feed them well, feed them organic.